The 17-point agreement recognized Tibet as an autonomous and autonomous policy within the borders of the People`s Republic of China. Today, this position is the basis of the Dalai Lama`s approach in the middle lane, which aspires to true autonomy of Tibetans within the People`s Republic of China (www.tibet.net/en/index.php?id=115&rmenuid=11). The Tibetan government in exile was founded by the Dalai Lama en route to India and is the historical continuation of the Tibetan government that signed the 1951 agreement. The strong tone of state media announcements on Denz`s celebrations is proof that Beijing is using this controversial document to justify its rule in Tibet. But the current reality in Tibet underlines the extent to which Chinese policy has departed from the 17 points of the agreement, including its commitments to preserve Tibet`s political and religious institutions. In his essay Hidden Tibet: History of Independence and Occupation, published by the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives in Dharamsala, S.L. Kuzmin writes that the agreement had critical shortcomings.  The use of new personal seals instead of official state seals was not legal. Tibetan delegates exceeded their authority by signing the agreement without the agreement of the Dalai Lama and the Kashag.
The preamble to the agreement contained ideological stereotypes that do not correspond to reality. The Chinese government ordered the PLA soldiers who had entered Tibet to order the «local» government to send their people to negotiate with the centre (i.e. the central government); the parties recognized it in the preamble and in point 2, so that the agreement was signed under military threat. The agreement was drafted in such a way that a number of terms were ambiguous and allowed for different interpretations on the part of the Chinese and Tibetans. It also contains some internal contradictions.  The 17-point agreement is a very important valid historical document that reveals the true nature of Sino-Tibetan relations at this decisive turning point in the history of Tibetan independence. Although it was imposed on the Tibetan government by Communist China, it remains an important testimony that Tibet was never part of China before the agreement. On the way to exile in India, the 14th Dalai Lama arrived on 26 March 1959 in Lhuntse Dzong, where he reaffirmed the 17-point agreement as a «threat of arms to the Tibetan government and the Tibetan people» and reaffirmed his government as tibet`s only legitimate representative.   On 20 June 1959, at a press conference in Mussoorie, the 14th Dalai Lama again rejected the agreement and stated that «China itself has violated the terms of its own agreement, there can no longer be a legal basis for recognizing it.»  According to the Tibetan government-in-exile, some members of the Tibetan cabinet (Kashag), such as Tibetan Prime Minister Lukhangwa, never accepted the agreement.  But the National Assembly of Tibet «recognizing the mitigating circumstances in which the delegates had to sign the agreement, asked the government to accept the agreement… Kashag told Zhang Jingwu that it would radionalize its agreement on the agreement.  Mary Beth Markey, President of the International Campaign for Tibet, said today: «Beijing ironically celebrates an agreement on promises made in Tibet but not kept.